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Elderberries: benefit and harm, description, photo

Growing everywhere in the most unsightly places plant with berries rich black color: what benefits and harms of an elder? How to cook a wonderful jam and useful decoction of the berries. Useful information for consideration.

Looks like and where it grows elderberries

Elderberries - is a plant that is a common shrub or small tree, with clusters of small black berries. Height bush usually reaches 5 - 10 meters. Leaves of the plant are small, lanceolate, each branch is located at 3-5 leaves. Their color is yellowish or greenish. Flowering begins in May or June.

Most often found in nature berries black and red color. The pulp plant reddish. One fruit contains 3-5 small bones. Fully matured for about a month (from late summer to mid autumn). Due to the rather unpleasant smell, plants, berries remain intact animals.

The plant is common in the subtropics and temperate regions. It is native to Africa, America, Russia, Ukraine, etc.. Mainly found in meadows, forest edges, near the roads, on vacant lots, in the bush.

The chemical composition and calorific value of elderberry

Tea and tincture of elderberry is used in folk medicine for a long time. They treat a variety of disease and is used as a prophylactic agent. The fruits of the plant are rich in medicinal substances.

Elderberry - a source of tannins, vitamins A, E, amino acids, tannin compounds, sugars (glucose, etc.), resins and other useful substances.

Moreover, the flowers and the berries of plants contain micronutrients (zinc, selenium, sodium, iron, etc.).

100 g of the product accounted for about 75 kcal. The amount of carbohydrate in berries is 11 g protein 0.7 g fat 0.45 g

How useful elderberry

The use of elderberry is known a little, since in most cases it occurs poisonous red "cousin."

Almost all the components of the plant (bark, flowers, leaves, berries) are capable of exerting a beneficial effect on the body. Pith used for manufacturing drugs or as a means of preventive action. Berry is popular in folk and traditional medicine.

Long-term storage berry plants (more than 6 months) has a negative impact on their composition. Healing components simply destroyed. Therefore it is recommended to use fresh fruit of the plant within six months. Dried berries retain useful components for several years. When properly stored (good ventilation, lack of moisture).

Attention! Eat plant fruit fresh undesirable because they have a laxative effect.

To improve the metabolism of the stomach, digestion and elements for removal of bile used berry broth. Due to the low calorific value and high in fiber, fruits are often included in the list of dietetic foods.

In the dried form of the berry is useful for people suffering from malaria, skin cancer, or stomach. Substances belonging to the dried fruit, have the ability to suspend the growth of cancer cells.

Due to the large amount of fiber in the composition of plants, derived from the body cholesterol. And this, in turn, is almost completely eliminates the risk of problems associated with the cardiovascular system (atherosclerosis, stroke and other diseases).

See also:How useful buckwheat bread

For women

The infusion of elder flowers, in the form of douches, helps in the treatment of many gynecological diseases. A cosmetic products in the form of decoctions based on berries, help in the treatment of skin diseases.

For men

Juice from the berries of black elderberry helps in the treatment of prostatitis - common male disease.

Medicinal properties of elderberry flowers

The plant is capable of exerting a diaphoretic and anti-bacterial effect on the body. Of its colors make infusions to help with bronchitis, flu, sore throat.

Flowers are often used as part of lotions. Means tones, rejuvenates and heals the skin.

The use of the bark, leaves and roots of elderberries

Berries and other plant parts perfectly cope with diseases of the joints (arthritis, rheumatism). The leaves contain ingredients that have anti-inflammatory action. To stop the inflammation development (abrasions, burns and so on), you need to steam the leaves and apply them to the affected area.

Decoction of young leaves help with constipation (chronic form). Boil them and use together with honey. Ready-made medicine to take the course.

Decoction of the bark treat kidney diseases. Lotions are used for the prevention of skin diseases.

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