The strawberry is useful for the organism
Dec 20, 2019
Benefits and harms of strawberries have become known to us only recently, since the introduction of this culture was not more than 300 years in Europe. In orchards and suburban areas came to replace it less attractive and useful strawberries, which was used mainly as an ornamental plant with a very narrow range of medical properties.
Chemical composition and caloric content of strawberries
Berries, depending on the variety, contains from 5 to 15% of sugars. On this parameter they are roughly equivalent berries currants and gooseberries. Also, it is composed of the following components:
- cellulose - to 2%;
- pectins - up to 1.7%;
- starch - 1%;
- tannins - up to 0.25%.
The fruit contains approximately 85-87% water. The fruit are rich in folic, citric and malic acid. Nutritional value of strawberry fruit as follows:
- fat - 0.4 g;
- protein - 0.8 g;
- carbohydrates - 7,5 g
Calorie fruit, depending on the variety, can range from 33 to 41 kcal.
What vitamins in strawberries
Of the most common vitamins vitamin C or ascorbic acid. Its concentration in the fruit can be up to 90 mg per 100 g of the fruit and in the leaves of its contents is about 3-3.5 times greater - about 0.3 g per 100 g
After ascorbic acid in decreasing order of concentration of the following vitamins are arranged:
- vitamin E, vitamin B2 - 0,5 mg each;
- vitamin PP - 0.4 mg;
- Vitamins B5 and PP - 0.3 mg each.
Also fruit contains vitamins B1, B6, B9 and H, but their total amount shall not exceed 0.1 mg.
Because the highest concentration of trace elements are potassium (161 mg) and calcium (40 mg). Furthermore, in the strawberry contains iron, zinc, iodine and fluorine.
Useful properties of strawberries
Protection of the circulatory system from atherosclerosis - the main and most useful property of strawberry. It is a disease worth all over the world in the first place by reason of premature death. The combined effects of B vitamins, folic acid and anthocyanins reduces the body's cholesterol levels and, more importantly, homocysteine. It is the latter accumulate in the body, at certain concentrations it begins to destroy the inner walls of the arteries, which subsequently formed cholesterol plaques.
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