Useful content

How useful and dangerous glucose, hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia

Man renewable energy at the expense of revenues from food mineral micronutrients, macronutrients, vitamins, and fats, carbohydrates and proteins. It is known that one of the main energy components are carbohydrates. Benefits and harms glucose contained in carbohydrates, due to its properties.

What is glucose and why it is needed

Glucose is called the easiest among monosaccharide carbohydrates with 1 molecule of sugar. Other monosaccharides include:

  • ribose;
  • galactose;
  • fructose.

Glucose in the literal translation from the Greek language has the meaning "sweet." In another way, it is also called dextrose or grape sugar. In nature, the glucose is in the juice of fruits and berries. Use of a substance is that glucose is also considered a major product of photosynthesis.

Molecule that is part of dextrose is of the so-called complex sugars:

  • polysaccharides (cellulose, glycogen, starch);
  • disaccharides (lactose, maltose, sucrose).

Glucose - a final product decay (hydrolysis) of the basic complex sugars. In particular, trapped in the stomach break down disaccharides into fructose and glucose.

Allocate the following properties:

  • substance crystalloid form;
  • lack of pronounced color and odor;
  • presence of sweet taste;
  • solubility in water.

Important! Sucrose is sweeter than glucose to 2 times that due to the properties of substances.

Useful properties of glucose are to provide the energy needed by the body. This useful feature is also observed in fat and glucose in the form of carbohydrates. Component is contained in the following groups of mineral products:

  • grain products;
  • fruits;
  • vegetables;
  • milk products.

Important! Functioning of the organism is impossible without the energy sources that are food.

The use of sugar is obvious. The damage observed when the body of excess amount of substance.

glucose benefit to the organism

The substance needed for basic metabolic processes in the body. The brain needs sugar. With his lack of a feeling of hunger, which is a kind of signal.

Important! sugar reserve exists in the form of glycogen. Plants stockpile glucose as starch.

Half of all the energy a person gets through the process of converting sugar useful. He initially subjected to hydrolysis. When this phenomenon produced 2 molecules of so-called pyruvic acid from 1 glucose molecule.

Secrete beneficial properties of sugar:

  • source of energy;
  • substitutes element antishock of drugs;
  • eliminates stress;
  • component metabolic processes;
  • It contributes to the proper functioning of the heart;
  • improve overall health.

Attention! Glucose has benefit in liver disorders.

Which foods contain glucose

Dextrose can be found in many useful products. Glucose enters the blood. Eat foods are broken down into the following components:

  • proteins;
  • fats;
  • carbohydrates.

It is known that carbohydrates are broken down into fructose and glucose. A significant amount of the substance contained in the following products:

  • candies;
  • honey;
  • fruits and berries;
  • beans, lentils, beans;
  • cereals;
  • sugar;
  • White bread;
  • cabbage;
  • carrot;
  • pumpkin.

Sugar in the form of starch can be found in the boiled potatoes and maize. Honey includes not only glucose, but fructose and useful.

See also:Mildronat: what it is, indications for use, how to make

The daily rate of consumption

A significant amount of dextrose harm. The daily rate of consumption, which benefits, is 30-50 g Experts recommend eating less sugar. This is necessary to stimulate the production of monosaccharides body from different foods.

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